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Ten Programming Languages You Might Not Have Heard About

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The programming world is constantly changing. New languages are being created at an incredible rate, and it becomes more challenging to keep up with them all. It’s hard enough just to know the most popular languages like Python or Ruby!

1) Go

This language was developed by Google in 2007 and has gained popularity ever since. It has been used on some major projects, such as Docker and Kubernetes. Go aims for simplicity over complexity, making it easier for beginners to learn than other more complex languages.

2) Rust

Rust first appeared in 2010 but didn’t really gain much popularity until recently. Mozilla developed it and had some exciting features requiring programmers to think about data types at compile time instead of run time. This helps prevent bugs that could be common for novice programmers who are not aware of the consequences of their code.

3) Kotlin

Kotlin is a recent language developed by JetBrains and endorsed by Google. It offers support for functional programming, which means it can be used with the latest trends such as reactive programming and microservices, making it very versatile.

4) Elixir

Elixir is a functional, concurrent language that runs on the Erlang Virtual Machine (BEAM). This allows it to take advantage of all the features BEAM provides, such as massive scalability and fault tolerance.

5) ClojureScript

Clojurescript is a dialect of Clojure that runs on Javascript and was designed to make it easier for developers to build complex client-side applications. It offers some unique functionalities like treating HTML elements as first-class citizens, making templating much more straightforward than other languages.

6) Julia

Julia is a relatively new language developed by the Quantitative Analytics group of MIT. It has seen some significant speed improvements. It can be used for many different projects ranging from computational biology to finance, making it highly versatile.

7) Dart

This language was initially developed by Google in 2011 and makes web development simpler. It has some exciting features. For example, optional typing is more flexible than most other languages but might still not appeal to die-hard statically typed fans.

8) Crystal

Crystal is a relatively new language that was developed by Manas Agrawal. It aims to be fast and straightforward, making it suitable for building applications where performance is the most critical factor, such as high-frequency trading systems or real-time analytics.

9) Elm

Elm is a functional language that runs on Javascript. It has gained some popularity recently due to the rise of front-end web development. It can help prevent many common problems like null pointer exceptions and asynchronous errors.

10) Hack

Hack was developed by Facebook in 2012 and is based on PHP. It offers some exciting features like support for static typing, which can help avoid many common bugs that are very hard to debug, making it an excellent choice for experienced developers who want to work with the latest language without sacrificing too much productivity.

programming language

Programming languages are not limited to those you might be familiar with, such as C, Java and Python. As you can see, there are hundreds of programming languages out there that may or may not have been used in production systems before. Some of these were created decades ago, while some more recent ones came into existence over the past few years.

Programming languages are as diverse as the people who create them. Because there are so many programming languages, it can be hard to keep track of all their names and features! So we’ve introduced you to a few notable ones that fall outside of your everyday use in this blog post. But here is extra three which have esoteric syntaxes or particular purposes.

This list is not exhaustive - there are tons of obscure programming languages out there.
  1. The first language we’ll look at is Lush (a.k.a., “Luscious”). This one was created to make it easier for programmers of the web-based game Second Life (remember that?) to write scripts. It’s basically a domain-specific programming language, which means its syntax is designed specifically for one particular application. Lush has since been deprecated in favour of more mainstream languages like JavaScript and Lua – but some legacy code remains! That’s why you might run into it if you explore some Second Life scripts.
  2. The following language we’ll look at is an object-oriented, general-purpose programming language called Clean. It’s a derivative of Lush with many changes – and most notably, its syntax uses indentation to separate statements instead of curly braces {}. Most programmers agree that this makes the language more readable. As its name implies, it’s designed to be easy on the eyes – but also hard not to use! A few notable projects in Clean are JikesRVM and GreenThreads.
  3. The last exciting programming language is called Thue (pronounced like “two”). It was created for writing concise algorithms that generate strings. For example, here’s a Thue program that makes the Fibonacci sequence: F(0) = 0; F(n) = F(n-delta) + F(n-epsilon), where delta is n/20 and epsilon is 20 * (exponent – 19).

Many programming languages fall outside of your everyday use. If you want to learn more about specific ones like these, online resources are an excellent place to start.


It’s always exciting to learn about a new programming language, and the ten languages listed here are definitely worth knowing. If you learned something new today, don’t forget to share this article with your online programmer friends or co-workers. Who knows? Maybe one of them will have been waiting for someone else to tell them about these cool options! 

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